The Complete Pet Animal Hospital
5135 N Dysart Road Suite 4
Litchfield Park, AZ 85340
Phone: (623) 935-9632
Fax: (623) 9359764
Moday: 8 am- 5:30 pm
Tuesday: 8 am- 5:30 pm
Wednesday: 8 am- 2 pm
Thursday: 8 am- 5:50 pm
Friday: 8 am- 5:30 pm
Saturday: 8 am- Noon
FIV: Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
What is it?: FIV infected cats can appear normal for years, but infection eventually will lead to a state of immune difiency that will hinder the cats ability to protect itself against other infections. Common bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi that are found in the every day enviornment where they usually do not affect healthy animals, can cause severe illness in FIV infected cats.
How is it transmitted?: FIV is transmitted through bite wounds, and on rare occasions, through nursing and through passage of the birth canal of an infected mother. Sexual contact can also spread FIV. This is highly specific to felines, and as a result, FIV cannot be transmitted to humans or other species.
What can occur?: Early signs of the disease appear in the lymph nodes and often go unnoticed unless the lymph nodes are greatly enlarged. Poor coat condition, fever with loss of appeitie are sean most commonly. Gingivitis and stomatits (inflammation of the gums and mouth), chronic and recurrent skin, urinary bladder, and upper respiratory tract infections are present. Diarrhea and a variety of eye conditions are can be a problem. Slow but progressive weight loss is common in the disease process. Certain cancers and blood diseases are much more common in FIV infected cats. Abortion and other reproductive failures have be seen in FIV infected unspayed cats. Some infected cats experience seizures, changes in behavior, and other neurological disorders.
How can it be prevented?: The only sure way to protect cats in to prevent their exposure to the virus, by keeping them inside and ensuring all household cats are FIV negative. Vaccines are also available to help protect again FIV infections, but they have not been shown to be very effective against the disease.
Why test?: Early detection will help you maintain the health of your can and also allow you to prevent spreading infection to other cats.
FeLV: Feline Leukemia Virus
What is it?: FeLV affects cats in many ways. FeLV is the most common cause of cancer in cats. It can also cause blood disorders. Feline Leukemia may also lead to a state of immune deficiency that will hinder the cats ability to protect itself against other infections. Common bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi that are found in the every day enviornment where they usually do not affect healthy animals, can cause severe illness in FeLV infected cats.
How is it Transmitted?: FeLV is contagious and can spread through saliva and nasal secretions, urine, feces, and mild from infected cats. It can be transmitted through bite wounds, mutal grooming, sexual contact, and rarely through the shared use of litter boxes and feeding dishes. Transmission can also take place from an infected mom through giving birth and nursing kittens.
What can occur?: Early stages of the disease might show no signs, but over time, weeks, months, and even years later, the cat's health can progressively deteriorate. Signs commonly include loss of appetite, weight loss, poor coat condition, enlarged lymphnodes, persistect fever, pale gums. Gingivitis and stomatits (inflammation of the gums and mouth), infections of the skin, urinary bladder and upper respiratory tract, diarrhea, eye issues occur. Seizures, changes in behavior, other neurological disorders, and reproductive failures such as abortion of kittens can also be noted.
How can it be prevented?: Keep cats indoors and ensure a negative FeLV status of all cats in the house. Consider FeLV vaccination of uninfected cats (vaccinating infected cats is not beneficial).
Why Test?: Early detection will help you maintain the health of your can and also allow you to prevent spreading infection to other cats.
We FIV/FeLV test using antigen testing. This test takes just 3 drops of blood, 4 drops of conjugate, and the results take just 8 minutes. The test looks for FIV antibodies and the FeLV antigen to diagnose the diseases.
FIV and FeLV Testing: